A Subject Research Guide

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Language, Universal; Language acquisition; Language and education; Language and languages; English language; Semitic Language, Romance
 languages; elocution; Sign language; Speech; Writing;  Written communication;  Oratory; Linguistics; bilingualism; language arts; Languages,

 LC Call Number Classification

P- Philology, Linguistics, Communication PL- East Asian Literature
PA- Classical languages & Literature PN -Literary History & Criticism; Drama
PB - Modern European Languages PQ- French Literature
PC-  Romance languages PR - British Literature
PD-  Old Germanic language PS -American Literature
PE- English Language, PT - Germanic Literature
PF- Germanic languages PZ 1-7 - 20th c. Popular fiction 
PG -Slavic, Baltic Literature PZ 8-PZ20 - Children's Literature
PH -Eastern European Literature  
PJ,- PK Oriental,Semitic,  Indo Iranian  

Recommended Reference Titles

Oxford English Dictionary  (OED) REF PE 1625 .O87 1989 (Dictionary stand)

Bartlett,  John Familiar Quotations REF PN6081 .B27 1980

Colombia Granger's Index to Poetry REF PN 1021 .G7

Library Subscription Research Databases for Language & Literature

Credo Reference
Gale Virtual Reference
Infotrac I Expanded Academic ASAP
Literature Resource Center
Books and Authors
Scribner Writers Series
Twayne's Authors Series


Scholarly Journals, Trade Publications, and Popular Magazines:  What's the difference? (Proquest Training PDF)

History Resource Center Help Page

Literature Resource Center: Guide to Conducting Literary Research

Searching JSTOR

Recommended Websites

General Online Reference Resources 

 The Literature Network offers "searchable online literature for the student, educator, or enthusiast. To find the work you're looking for start by looking through the author index. We currently have over 1200 full books and over 2000 short stories and poems by over 250 authors. Our quotations database has over 8500 quotes."
Literary Resources on the Net "This set of pages is a collection of links to sites on the Internet dealing especially with English and American literature, excluding most single electronic texts, and is limited to collections of information useful to academics." ~Jack Lynch, Associate Professor in the English department of the Newark campus of Rutgers University, specializing in the English literature of the eighteenth century.
 National Writing Center Associations,  links to regional associations sponsored by various university writing centers that provide basic resources for writers and teachers of writing.

Voice of the Shuttle  Website for Humanties Research--extensive literary resources.
 Wisdomquest elibrary powered by Websonar,lets you type in a literary phrase and find out where it came from.  Amazing!


BabelFish, A versatile text translation tool.
The College Slang Page will let you get the 411 on thousands of terms used on campuses...
Ethnologue, languages of the world. "An encyclopedic reference work cataloging all of the world’s 6,912 known living languages."

French Connection, a wide range of French-related resources that wil satisfy the beginning student and stimulate the advanced research in any discipline that intersects with French language and culture.
HAPAX: French Resources on the Web, serves as a meta-index to French news, history, and culture Web sites.  The main index links to 28 subject pages, with categories ranging from the specific to the general "especially for students."

Tennessee Bob's Famous French Links, created by Prof. Bob Peckham  of UT Martin provides extensive and practical tips on the writing process, a strong section on the use of the dictionary with integrated links for exploring vocabulary in context, and an invaluable introduction to the general expectations and demands of college life and learning.

iLoveLanguages "is a comprehensive catalog of language-related Internet resources. The more than 2400 links at iLoveLanguages have been hand-reviewed to bring you the best language links the Web has to offer. Whether you're looking for online language lessons, translating dictionaries, native literature, translation services, software, language schools, or just a little information on a language you've heard about, iLoveLanguages probably has something to suit your needs. "

Lixi-Purcell's German Studies Trails on the Internet. from UNC Greensboro

Omniglot  Created and maintained by Simon Ager, "this site contains details of most alphabets and other writing systems currently in use, as well as quite a few ancient and invented ones. It also includes information about some of the languages written with those writing systems, multilingual texts, tips on learning languages, a book store, some useful phrases in many different languages, and a ever-growing collection of links to language-related resources."


Language Education

Composition &  Rhetoric

The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation "An indispensable tool for teachers, students, writers, proofreaders, editors, managers, and clerical staff, over 65,000 copies are circulating in schools, offices, and the hallowed halls of government, making users feel confident writing papers, letters, memos, and even emails."
Guide to Grammar & Writing, is comprehensive website sponsored by Capital Community College Foundation and authored by Dr. Charles Darling, Professor of English.
On-Line Writing Lab: Purdue University from self-instructional materials in basic skills to pedagogical resources for teachers of writing across the curriculum, the OWL contains valuable information for anyone involved in writing.
Paradigm Online Writing Assistant "Paradigm is intended to be useful for all writers, from inexperienced to advanced. To get the most from the website, take time to explore its components. Choose a topic that interests you, read the discussion, do an activity, move to another topic. Sense how the topics relate to your own needs and interests."

English as a Second Language (ESL)

Writing and Publishing (formerly
 is the online community for writers and readers of all interests and skill levels. Whether you're an enthusiastic, creative writer looking for the perfect place to store and display your writing online or a casual reader searching for a good story, Writing.Com is the website for you!
John Hewitt's Writer's Resource Center A site about writing that features articles, freelance jobs, writing employment, news, fiction and poetry.


Bartleby.Com "publishes the classics of literature, nonfiction, and reference free of charge for the home, classroom, and desktop of each and every Internet participant."

The Literature Network offers "searchable online literature for the student, educator, or enthusiast. To find the work you're looking for start by looking through the author index. We currently have over 1200 full books and over 2000 short stories and poems by over 250 authors. Our quotations database has over 8500 quotes."

Mythology, Legend and Folklore

Bulfinch's Mythology, from the classic book of mythology.
Folklore and Mythology Electronic Texts, full-text, electronic collection...

 The Encyclopedia Mythica. Please enter the award-winning internet encyclopedia of mythology, folklore, and religion. Here you will find everything from A-gskw to Zveda Vechanyaya, with plenty in between. Over 7,000 plus articles.

Literary Biography

American Authors on the Web, has two parts:  General Resources and American Authors...

Literary Criticism and Comparative Literature

Online Literary Criticism Collection, links to critical and biographical Web sites about U.S. and British literary works from pre-1500 to the present provided through the Internet Public Library and  can be browsed by author, by title, or by nationality and literary period.

Eclat: the "essential" comparative literature and theory site hosted by the Comparative Literature program at University of Pennsylvania. (maybe add a Cultural Studies Heading)

Web Resources by Literary Period

Literary Resources--American compliments of Rutgers University.


The Classics Page...  Full text contents of early and ancient  literature primarily Greek  and Latin and commentary as well as cultural history and sociology of "the classics"  maintained by Andrew Wilson, who is self described as  having "a degree in Classics from Cambridge University, and have taught Latin, Greek, Ancient History and Classical Civilisation in schools and universities for over 40 years (including Cambridge and the Open University)." Also contains links to his "Top 21 Classic Sites".

Middle Ages 
18th century (Romanticism)

Romantic Circles, devoted to the study of Lord Byron, Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, Percy Bysshe Shelley, John Keats, their contemporaries and historical contexts. It "It is a refereed scholarly Website devoted to the study of Romantic-period literature culture. It is published by the University of Maryland & supported, in part, by the Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities (MITH), & the English Departments of Loyola University of Chicago & the University of Maryland."
The Walt Whitman Hypertext Archive, an essential destination for anyone who loves Whitman.

19th century (Realism)
20th century (Modernism; Post Modernism)

Dr. Taimi Olsen recommended links to Anglo American Modernism

Surrealist Writers, a convenient overview of surrealism, especially the first waves of the 1920s and early 1930s...

Bohemian Ink

Association for the Study of Literature & Environment...

Literary Forms


Academy of American Poets... "the Academy administers a wide variety of programs, including National Poetry Month (April), the largest literary celebration in the world; online educational resources providing free poetry lesson plans for high school teachers; the Poetry Audio Archive, a collection of nearly 500 recordings dating back to the 1960s; and, our award-winning website which provides a wealth of content on contemporary American poetry and receives an average of 400,000 unique users each month."
American Verse Project, provides full-text of volumes of U.S. poetry prior to 1920...
British Women Romantic Poets, 1789-1832, poetry by British and Irish women written (but not necessarily published) between 1789 and 1832...

Modern American Poetry compliments of the University of Illinois Champage Urbana.
Sonnet Central, an archive of English-language sonnets accessed through an alphabetical listing by author's name or period of English or U. S. literature.
20th Century Poetry in English authored by Professor Eiichi Hishikawa Faculty of Letters, Kobe University.



Short Story

Complete Works

The Complete Works of William Shakespeare...

Children's Literature

Children's Literature Web Guide "The Children's Literature Web Guide is an attempt to gather together and categorize the growing number of Internet resources related to books for Children and Young Adults."

RSAP:  Research Society for American Periodicals  This website offers the Research Resource page, an invaluable resource of scanned 19th, 20th, and 21st century periodicals and resources for teaching about and researching them.

Popular Culture and Pulp Fiction

Dime Novels and Penny Dreadfuls "Stanford's Dime Novel and Story Paper Collection consists of over 8,000 individual items, and includes long runs of the major dime novel series (Frank Leslie's Boys of America, Happy Days, Beadle's New York Dime Library, etc.) and equally strong holdings of story papers like the New York Ledger and Saturday Night.

RSAP:  Research Society for American Periodicals  This website offers the Research Resource page, an invaluable resource of scanned 19th, 20th, and 21st century periodicals and resources for teaching about and researching them.

Women Writers

The Victorian Women Writers Project The goal of the Victorian Women Writers Project is to produce highly accurate transcriptions of works by British women writers of the 19th century, encoded using the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). The works, selected with the assistance of the Advisory Board, will include anthologies, novels, political pamphlets, religious tracts, children's books, and volumes of poetry and verse drama. Considerable attention will be given to the accuracy and completeness of the texts, and to accurate bibliographical descriptions of them.

Women Romantic-Era Writers, divides the resources into six sections:  Electronic Texts by Women Writers; Annuals, Anthologies and Gift Books; Contemporary Responses to Women Writers; Electronic Text Archives; Cultural and Visual Resources; and related web sites.

Additional  Tusculum College Resources

Andrew Johnson Museum and Library

Tutoring Center

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